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EUREF LOCAL ANALYSIS CENTRE
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Agency acronym : RGA
Institution : Republic Geodetic Authority
Mail Address : bul. Vojvode Misica 39
: 11000 Beograd
: upto GPSWEEK 1751
: in cooperation with
: University of Belgrade
: Faculty of Civil Engineering
: bul. Kralja Aleksandra 73
: 11000 Beograd
Country : Serbia
Primary Contact
Contact Name : Sasa Lazic
Telephone : +381112651325
Fax : +381112651330
E-Mail : slazic@rgz.gov.rs
Secondary Contact
Contact Name : Danko Ducic
Telephone : +381112651325
Fax : +381112651330
E-Mail : danko.ducic@rgz.gov.rs
Software Used : Bernese GPS Software Version 5.0 upto 1751
: Bernese GPS Software Version 5.2 since 1752
Stat. Included in Analysis :
9-ID start stop network
AGRN00ITA 2214 - now
ALBA00ESP 1632 - now
AUT100GRC 1632 - now
ARA200SVN 2194 - now
BACA00ROU 1632 - now
BAIA00ROU 1632 - now
BBYS00SVK 1773 - now
BSVZ00ITA 2214 - now
BISK00CZE 1773 - now
BUCU00ROU 1632 - now
BUTE00HUN 1773 - now
BZRG00ITA 1632 - 2116
BZR200ITA 2185 - now
CACE00ESP 1632 - now
CAEN00FRA 1632 - now
CFRM00CZE 1632 - now
CLIB00CZE 1632 - now
CPAR00CZE 1632 - now
CREI00FRA 1632 - 1992
CTAB00CZE 1632 - now
DEVA00ROU 1632 - now
DGOR00MNE 2185 - now
DRAG00ISR 1773 - now
DYNG00GRC 1763 - now
ELBA00ITA 1632 - now
GOPE00CZE 1773 - now
GRAZ00AUT 1632 - now
GSR100SVN 1632 - now
HUEL00ESP 1632 - now
ISTA00TUR 1632 - now
IZAN00ESP 1632 - now
KATO00POL 1632 - now
KDA200SVN 2194 - now
KNJA00SRB 1864 - now
KRA100POL 1632 - now
KUNZ00CZE 1632 - now
LAGO00PRT 1632 - now
LAMP00ITA 1632 - now
LIL200FRA 1632 - now
LPAL00ESP 1632 - now
MARJ00CZE 1773 - 1860
MATE00ITA 1632 - now
MOPI00SVK 1773 - now
NPAZ00SRB 1850 - now
ORID00MKD 1632 - now
OROS00HUN 1632 - now
PADO00ITA 1632 - now
PENC00HUN 1632 - now
PEN200HUN 1745 - 2062
PZA200SVN 2194 - now
SABA00SRB 1850 - now
SALA00ESP 1632 - now
SART00ITA 2214 - now
SMLA00UKR 1632 - now
SODA00FIN 1632 - now
SOFI00BGR 1632 - now
SONS00ESP 1632 - now
SRJV00BIH 1632 - now
SVLL00ITA 2214 - now
TERC00PRT 1632 - now
TUBI00TUR 1773 - now
TUBO00CZE 1773 - now
UBEN00ITA 2214 - now
VACO00CZE 1773 - now
VALE00ESP 1632 - now
VEN100ITA 1632 - now
VIRG00ITA 2214 - now
ZIMM00CHE 1632 - now
ZIM200CHE 2185 - now
DUBR00HRV 1632 - 1711
OSJE00HRV 1632 - 1734
EUREF solutions generated : RGAwwww7.SNX Weekly coordinate solution in
SINEX format
RGAwwwwn.SNX Daily coordinate solution SINEX file
RGAwwww7.SUM Weekly processing summary file
RGAwwwwn.TRO Daily troposphere results in
tropospheric SINEX format, for
weekdays "n" (0-6)
EUREF solutions sent to : BKG
Report generated : 05/04/2011
Report updated : 20/05/2011
: 09/06/2011
: 26/04/2013
: 03/09/2013
: 29/01/2014
: 30/11/2021
: 07/02/2022
: 12/07/2022
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MEASUREMENT MODELS
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Preprocessing : Phase preprocessing in a baseline by baseline mode
using triple-differences. In most cases cycle slips
are fixed looking simultaneously at different linear
combinations of L1 and L2. If a cycle slip cannot be
fixed reliably, bad data points are removed or new
ambiguities are set up.
3 deg cut off in pre-processing
Basic Observable : Carrier phase, code only used for receiver clock
synchronization, elevation cut-off angle of 3 degrees,
sampling rate of 30 and 180 seconds, respectively.
Modelled : Double differences, ionosphere-free linear combination.
observable
Ground antenna : Absolute antenna phase center variations (APCV)
phase center according to epnc_14.atx (regularly updated with I14.ATX from CODE)
calibrations are applied, partly including individual APCV. The new EPN CB ANTEX
file contains multiple individual calibrations for antennas with the
same serial number during different time windows.
Troposphere : upto week 1751: Saastamoinen apriori model mapped with
DRY NIELL mapping function and ZPD
parameters estimated using WET NIELL
mapping function.
: since week 1752: GMF as a priori model, mapped with
DRY VMF mapping function and ZPD
parameters estimated using WET VMF
mapping function and CHENHER gradient
estimation model.
Ionosphere : Not modeled (ionosphere eliminated by forming the
ionosphere-free linear combination of L1 and L2).
CODE global ionosphere models used to improve
ambiguity resolution.
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ESTIMATED PARAMETERS (APRIORI VALUES & SIGMAS)
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Adjustment : Least-squares adjustment, mathematical correlations within
network correctly modeled. The elevation-dependent
observation weighting model adopted assumes a zero-
difference observation sigma being proportional 1/cos(z),
where z denotes the satellite zenith distance angle.
Rejection Criter.: Daily RINEX observation files containing
less than 12 hours good observations are
ignored. The threshold value concerning
data screening is 4 mm, specifically for
a normalized, or L1 zero-difference zenith
residual. Baseline data exceeding the over-
all sigma level of 6 millimeters is excluded
as whole.
Station : Datum definition for weekly solutions:
coordinates A 3-translation condition with respect to realization of IGb14
is imposed. The list of stations defining the datum (minimum constrain)
currently includes the following EPN stations (automatic outlier detection
using Helmert transformation test and if necessary repeated ADDNEQ2 run
with reduced number of datum stations):
1632-1635
MATE
ZIMM
1636-1711
BUCU
BZRG
DUBR
ISTA
LAGO
LAMP
LPAL
MATE
ORID
PADO
PENC
SOFI
VALE
ZIMM
1712-2157
BUCU
ISTA
LAGO
LAMP
LPAL
MATE
ORID
PADO
PENC
SOFI
VALE
ZIMM
2158-now
BUCU
LAGO
LAMP
LPAL
MATE
ORID
PADO
PENC
SOFI
VALE
ZIMM
2193-now
BUCU
LAGO
LAMP
LPAL
MATE
ORID
PADO
PENC
SOFI
VALE
ZIMM
KNJA
NPAZ
SABA
Troposphere : Zenith path delay parameters are solved for at 1-hour
intervals for each station. At the end of each week, the 7
daily sets of troposphere estimates are re-computed on the
normal equation level by substituting the 7-day combined
station coordinate results.
Troposphere gradient parameters are also solved for.
Daily .TRP and .TRO files as products.
Ionospheric : Introduce ION model from CODE, used only for ambiguity resolution.
Ionosphere not modelled in final solution (ionosphere eliminated
by forming the ionosphere-free linear combination
of L1 and L2)
since 1752: second order ionospheric correction from CODE
used to improve AR
Ambiguity : upto week 1751: If possible, fixed to integer values, using QIF strategy
combination of L1 and L2 (10 degrees cut off).
since week 1752: Advanced ambiguity resolution (AR) scheme is included:
- Code-Based Widelane (WL) AR for baselines shorter
than 6000km, a Melbourne-Wuebbena wide-lane
and narrow-lane AR is performed.
- Phase-Based Widelane (L5) AR for baselines shorter
than 200km the code-based wide-lane AR is replaced
by a phase-only wide-lane with a subsequent
narrow-lane AR.
- Quasi-Ionosphere-Free (QIF)AR
The QIF-strategy is applied on the remaining real-valued
ambiguities for baselines shorter than 2000km.
- Direct L1/L2 AR
A direct L1/L2 AR is applied on baselines shorter than 20km
- AR Verification
Each baseline is processed with introducing the resolved
ambiguities with their integer values and checking the
residuals. If there is any problem accounted, the resolved
ambiguities are re-initialized.
- 10 degrees cut off
Satellite clock : Satellite clock biases are not estimated but eliminated by
bias forming double differences.
Receiver clock : Receiver clock biases are estimated as part of the pre-
bias processing step using code measurements.
Orbits and ERPs : upto week 1751: IGS combined final orbits and ERP information are adopted.
Use DE200 planetary ephemeris. The Earth geopotential
is modeled using JGM3.
since week 1752: CODE final orbits and ERP information are adopted.
Use DE405 planetary ephemeris. The Earth geopotential
is modeled using JGM3.
since week 2044: CODE MGEX (Multi-GNSS experiment) orbits and ERP information
used for final analysis due to Galileo observations processing.
Use DE405 planetary ephemeris.
The Earth geopotential is modeled using JGM3.
since week 2082: CODE rapid orbits (GPS+GLO+GAL) and ERP information are adopted
for analysis because of Galileo observations processing.
Use DE405 planetary ephemeris.
The Earth geopotential is modeled using JGM3.
Tidal : Solid earth tidal displacements are modeled according to
displacements IERS Conventions 1996/2000.
Ocean loading corrections are computed based on
OLGG Scherneck's amplitudes and phases.
since week 1752: according to IERS2010 Conventions
Ocean loading model : FES2004.
upto week 1751: No atmospheric loading corrections are computed.
since week 1752: Atmospheric loading corrections are
calculated using atmospheric tidal model Ray and Ponte